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City 20 km away from the most famous city of Pompeii, offers an archaeological site of great historical interest.

Since 1997 is included in the list of World Heritage UNESCO .

Historical Background
The city was severely damaged by the earthquake of '62 and then buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in '79 with a layer of more than twenty meters of ash and lapilli.
The ancient city of Herculaneum was born on a promontory looking out to sea, was once surrounded by walls and had an orthogonal area similar to Pompeii but with more porches and streets leading down to the sea.

Public buildings, leisure and religious buildings and villas and houses. The latter are smaller than those of Pompeii, but they are also painted with elegance and adorned with arcades and columns, being formerly chosen as a holiday resort. The names of the houses are mainly related to the objects found in them, the best known include: the House of the frame, the House of Partition, the House of the Mosaic and the House of the Atrium.

Among the villas should be mentioned the Villa of the Papyri of the most representative and most famous of the site. Located outside the city walls, discovered and explored in 1750, takes its name from the discovery of some 1700 papyri belonging to the villa's library. The garden and the atrium preserved floor mosaics and remains of decorations of particular beauty.

The public buildings, leisure and religious sites are as fascinating and historic interest. Include:

- The area still buried in the Forum, which offers the watchful eye of the visitor precious decorations;

- The Suburban Baths male and female, are located outside the city walls, near the Porta Marina which still mosaics and frescoes of great charm;

- The burial area dedicated to Marcus Nonius Balbus;

- The Palestra, recovered two-thirds, has an entrance with columns and an impressive time with starry sky;

- The theater, the first building in the city to be found, placed in a decentralized, can be visited through a series of tunnels. Its plan is Roman, an auditorium, (adorned with numerous bronze), marbles, coins and a large space formerly allocated to orchestranti;

- The sacred area of the city, in the southern part is certainly worthy of note, a terrace supported by vaulted structures respectively protected the two temples dedicated to Venus and the four gods.

You can take advantage of a guided tour of about two hours (availability in all periods of the year) or arrange a personalized itinerary and have the opportunity to develop the best history of the place.
The tour of the ruins of Herculaneum may also include an excursion to the nearby cities of Pompeii, Naples - Archaeological Museum - Oplonti, or a visit to Mount Vesuvius.

The Excavations of Herculaneum are accessible by car via highway Napoli-Salerno and exit at Herculaneum or in Circumvesuviana.

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